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Extra resources for A Generative Grammar of Afar

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This, too, distinguishes sentence complements from noun phrase complements which all have the nominalizer -Vm regardless of the matrix verb. In contrast, each matrix verb which takes a complement must also be marked as to which complementizer it takes. For example, duud and aic be able select the subjunctive on their embedded sentences in the Wollo dialect but prefer the nominalized sentence in -Vm in Shewa dialects. y-ak'tab-u ei 'c-a he-write-subj able-he,irrrpf He is able to write. a'maat-u (other dialects, y-aktu 1 be-m ei 'ca) duu'd-a come-subj able-I,impf (other dialects, amaa'te-m duu'd-a) The transitive verb hay permit selects the complementizer -i on its embedded infinitive.

A'nu ge'el-a-kke I 'is in t-amaa'too-n-u go-impf-place you 'ma-dud-d-a-n you-come-pl-juss (John 8:21-22) neg-able-you-impf-pl Where I am going you are not able to come. 4 Named The unspecified noun phrase plus -k concerning, of is used in the identification of a proper name. (a)'ka-k stands after the proper name and before the verb say iy'ye. If the subject of iy'ye is not specified, the third person plural iyyaa'na is used in a passive sense (see T 23). (The relative derivation in the sense of which they say to be, or call, or name is proposed for this construction in line with the above uses of (a) 'ka-k.

Akri 'y-e way-n-oo (or 'ma-n-akri 'y-oo) read-inf laak-we-aonsul (or neg-we-read-aons) Shall we not read? bar't-e 'wo-o-n-ay (or 1 ma-bar 1 t-oo-n-ay) learn-inf laak-they-pl-juss (or neg-learn-they-pl-juss} Don't let them learn. The verb Jall or rarr (Aussa) or ease (Coastal, Asgaffen) almost, nearly (do) also uses the 'e infinitive. The action of the verb is negated in not quite being fulfilled. 13). anniki 's-e lall-e-n (or rarren, eaeeen) fall-inf almost-perf-they, They almost fell. ak'm-e lal-'t-e (or rar'te) eat-inf nearly-she,you-perf You (Or she) nearly ate.

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