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Extra info for Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms

Example text

Note that the formalism of this alignment constraint is that of a categorical constraint: one violation mark is assigned per faulty structure. The constraint is violated equally by the candidates [tatatá] and [tatáta]. It has been proposed that all OT constraints should be categorical (McCarthy 2003). 3. 1 Amphikinetic Nouns: Faithfulness to Underlying Accent Stress is not always leftmost in PIE athematic nouns because ALIGNL is dominated by certain faithfulness constraints. As shown in the tableau in (31), if the input is the type expected of a weak amphikinetic noun (type RS), stress is realized as it is in underlying form.

6 Hysterokinetic Nouns The hysterokinetic accent class displays an accent difference between suffix (strong) and ending (weak), meaning the root is always in Ø-grade. A smaller set of words belongs to this class, which are all of the animate gender. 7. It is notable that most of the suffixes that participate in this accent class end in sonorants, which means the nom sg forms show lengthened-grade and no overt ending. The stem of these nouns must contain an underlyingly post-accenting root (Halle 1997) and unaccented suffix (RPoAS).

14 DEP(A) penalizes insertion of an accent. 3. 39 is applicable to acrostatic root nouns in weak cases. The tableau in (16) shows that if given no underlying accent, the word will still have stress, which is the situation presented by amphikinetic root nouns in strong cases. 2. The inputs in these tableaux represent generic root nouns. For the sake of simplicity, specific input forms with phonemic content are not necessary. This step towards simplification will be repeated in future tableaux, if the appropriate point can be made without using concrete inputs.

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