Download Analysis of Risks Associated with Nuclear Submarine by Leo G. Lesage (auth.), Ashot A. Sarkisov, Alain Tournyol du PDF
By Leo G. Lesage (auth.), Ashot A. Sarkisov, Alain Tournyol du Clos (eds.)
A nice variety of nuclear submarines are as a result of be decommissioned earlier than 2000. The political judgements surrounding the disposal of nuclear booths, radioactive wastes and spent gasoline fluctuate considerably among the nations that personal the boats. the choice makers concerned therefore need assistance in evaluating and assessing substitute suggestions for the decommissioning in their nuclear submarine fleets. the current quantity deals such information, with its discussions of the hazards linked to long term water garage of the boats, radioactive and chemical infection, spent gasoline and waste administration, and dealing with and recycling reactor compartments.
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Extra info for Analysis of Risks Associated with Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning, Dismantling and Disposal
Sokolov. ''Morskoi sbornik", I 1,1996, p. 73-75 ACCIDENT RISK ASSOCIATED WITH FUELED DECOMMISSIONED NUCLEAR POWERED SUBMARINES S. KUPCA Director ofNuclear Safety Studies and Analysis The Department of National Defence 101 Colonel By Drive OTTAWA, Ontario K1A OK2, Canada A. NATALIZIO ENSAC Associates Ltd. 87 Markland Dr. TORONTO, Ontario M9C 1N4, Canada Abstract Many nuclear powered submarines have been removed from active duty during the past decade. Common practice when retiring such submarines from active duty is to remove the fuel from the reactor vessel, thereby rendering the submarine relatively harmless, from a radiation risk perspective, to workers, the public and the environment.
1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. 24 All these acts positively serve for the organizational works in this field. At the same time the process of the nuclear submarine utilization revealed many new problems that require a normative regulation and urgent solving. Of them the main problems are the absence of the integral federal conception on the nuclear submarine utilization and inefficiency of the existing legislation-legal and normative base. The main reasons for its inefficiency are the following: • existing shortcomings (there are some of them in the adopted documents, such as the Radiation Safety Regulations - 96 (Russian abbreviation NRB-96), a delay in the elaboration, publishing and adoption of some documents related to the problem of the nuclear submarine utilization and absence of a part of necessary normative-legal documents on the provision of the nuclear and radiation safety during the complex utilization of nuclear submarines); • absence or lack of funding; • assigning untypical for Navy functions on the complex nuclear submarines utilization, spent nuclear fuel and radioactive wastes treatment to Navy; The proposals regarding the transferring the mentioned above functions from Ministry of Defense to other Ministries were included in the projects on Concept and Federal law "About radioactive wastes treatment".
Thereby after the unloading the newly built storages will not be practically used. Containerized storage of NPPs spent fuel is used in nuclear countries of Europe, in the USA and Canada. It allows to regulate the flows of fuel for reprocessing or burial and in case of en-masse decommissioning of ships if acceleration of unloading is needed is deemed the most acceptable from technical and financial points of view. For containerized storage design development, certification and organization of the containers' mass production is needed.