Download Climate and Environmental Change in China: 1951–2012 by Dahe Qin, Yongjian Ding, Mu Mu PDF

By Dahe Qin, Yongjian Ding, Mu Mu

Through a variety of colour figures and tables, this ebook offers the main updated wisdom on weather and environmental swap in China. It records the proof and attribution of weather and environmental alterations some time past few a long time and discusses the affects of weather switch on environments, financial system, and society. The publication extra presents projections of weather switch and its affects sooner or later. eventually, it bargains the weather switch mitigation and adaption applied sciences with strategic thoughts on the way to be of curiosity for coverage makers, researchers and most people as well.

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And the most severe drought during 50 years occurred in Sichuan Province in that year. Drought hit southwest five provinces, including Yunnan in 2010. Both the amount of precipitation and the number of rainy days decreased significantly in the regions. The surface air temperature increased significantly over northern China, and this increase in temperature enhanced the potential soil evaporation and thus intensified the droughts over the whole northern China. 4 Tropical Cyclones From 1951 to 2011, the frequency of typhoons (tropical cyclones with winds ≥8 on the Beaufort scale) that were generated in the northwest Pacific Ocean and South China Sea has decreased with obvious interdecadal variations.

The South Asian High refers to the high-pressure system over the southern portion of the Eurasian continent at the geopotential height of 100 hPa (upper troposphere). It can also influence the position of the rain belt in China in summer, due to its close relationship with the Subtropical High over the western Pacific. The intensity of these three high-pressure systems has increased during the second half of twentieth century. 2 Variations in Extreme Weather and Climate Events Climate warming may affect the intensity and frequency of some extreme weather and climate events.

2 Precipitation Variations in China Four precipitation datasets exist for China. D. 1880, is based on seasonal total precipitation anomaly data from 71 stations in eastern China (updated from Wang et al. 2000). The second dataset, beginning from 1901, was constructed using monthly 1º×1º precipitation grid data from the CRU (updated from Wen et al. 2006). The third dataset uses data from 1951 onward and is based on the monthly dataset from 160 stations issued by National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration.

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