How Do You Make a Basic House in SketchUp?

Creating a basic house in SketchUp is an exciting project that allows you to unleash your creativity and design skills. Whether you are an architect, interior designer, or just an enthusiast, SketchUp provides a user-friendly platform for turning your ideas into 3D models. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of making a basic house in SketchUp, step by step.

Step 1: Getting Started

Before we begin, make sure you have SketchUp installed on your computer. If not, head over to the official SketchUp website and download the software. Once installed, open SketchUp and create a new project by selecting “File” > “New”.

Step 2: Setting Up the Workspace

To make our modeling process smooth and efficient, let’s set up our workspace accordingly. Go to the “Window” menu and select “Default Tray”. Here you can choose which panels to display on your screen based on your preferences.

Customizing the Toolbar

The toolbar contains various tools that we will be using throughout this tutorial. To customize it, right-click on the toolbar area and select “Customize Toolbar”. From here, drag and drop tools onto or off of the toolbar as per your requirements.

Step 3: Creating the House Walls

To create the walls of our house, we will use the rectangle tool. Click on the rectangle tool icon in the toolbar (or press ‘R’ as a keyboard shortcut).

Now click once on any point in the workspace to define one corner of the rectangle and click again to determine its opposite corner. Enter the desired dimensions for your walls in feet or meters.


  • Hold Shift: While drawing the rectangle, holding the shift key will create a square instead of a rectangular shape.
  • Input Exact Measurements: If you want precise measurements, type them in the measurement toolbar at the bottom-right corner of the screen.

Step 4: Adding Doors and Windows

A house without doors and windows is incomplete! To add doors or windows to your walls, select the rectangle tool again.

Click on any wall face to start drawing a rectangle and then input the dimensions for your door or window. To position them accurately, use SketchUp’s inferencing system that shows guidelines and snap points when you hover over existing geometry.


  • Edit Geometry: After creating a door or window, you can always go back and edit its dimensions by selecting it with the select tool (shortcut: ‘Spacebar’) and dragging its edges or corners.
  • Components: Consider turning your doors and windows into components for easier editing and duplication. Select them, right-click, and choose “Make Component”.

Step 5: Adding Roof

The roof is an essential part of any house design. SketchUp provides several tools to create different types of roofs. One simple way is to use the “Push/Pull” tool to extrude your walls upward until they form a roof shape.


  • Pitched Roof: If you want a pitched roof, create a horizontal guideline on top of your walls using the line tool (shortcut: ‘L’). Then select the push/pull tool (shortcut: ‘P’) and click on each triangular section to extrude them upwards.
  • Flat Roof: For a flat roof, select the entire house walls, activate the push/pull tool, and extrude them to the desired height.

Step 6: Adding Textures and Colors

To give your house a realistic appearance, it’s time to add textures and colors. SketchUp allows you to apply various materials to your surfaces.

Select the paint bucket tool (shortcut: ‘B’) and choose a material from the library or create your own by selecting “Edit” > “Textures” > “Materials”. Apply the material to faces by clicking on them.


  • Scale Textures: Adjust the size of textures by double-clicking on a face with the paint bucket tool selected. Then enter a scale value in the dialog box that appears.
  • Create Custom Materials: To create custom materials with specific colors or textures, go to “Window” > “Materials” and click on the “+” icon to add a new material.

Step 7: Adding Furniture and Details

To make your house more realistic, consider adding furniture, fixtures, and other details. You can either create custom models using SketchUp’s modeling tools or import pre-made models from SketchUp’s 3D Warehouse or other online sources. Simply click on “File” > “3D Warehouse” > “Get Models” to access an extensive collection of objects.


  • Furniture Placement: Position furniture by using SketchUp’s move tool (shortcut: ‘M’). Select an object, click once to start moving it, then click again to set its new location.
  • Scale and Rotate: Modify the size and orientation of objects by selecting them, then using the scale (‘S’) or rotate (‘Q’) tools respectively.

Step 8: Save and Share Your Design

Once you’re satisfied with your house design, it’s time to save and share it with others. Go to “File” > “Save” to save your project.

You can also export your design as an image, PDF, or CAD file format by selecting “File” > “Export”. Additionally, consider uploading your model to SketchUp’s 3D Warehouse or sharing it on social media platforms to showcase your creativity!

Congratulations! You have successfully created a basic house in SketchUp.

Remember that practice makes perfect, so keep exploring SketchUp’s features and experimenting with different designs to enhance your skills. Happy modeling!