Em is a unit of measurement used in web design and development. It is a relative unit that refers to the font size of the parent element. In this article, we will explore how to use em in Webflow, a popular visual web design tool.
Em is short for emphasis and is often used to define text sizes. Unlike pixels (px) or points (pt), which are absolute units, em is a relative unit. This means that when you set the font size of an element using em, it will be calculated based on the font size of its parent element.
This can be particularly useful when creating responsive designs as it allows elements to scale proportionally with their parent containers. Let’s dive into how you can use em in Webflow.
In Webflow, you can set the font size of an element using em by adjusting the value in the typography settings panel. To access this panel, select the desired element and navigate to the styles tab on the right-hand side.
Once you are in the styles tab, scroll down until you find the typography section. Here, you can set the font size using different units like px, rem, or em.
To use em, simply enter a numerical value followed by “em”. For example, if you want to set the font size to 1.5 times that of its parent, enter “1.5em”.
Nesting elements is a common practice in web design where one element is placed inside another element. When using em units for font sizes, nesting becomes particularly powerful.
When an element is nested inside another element with a specific font size defined in em, the nested element’s font size will be calculated based on its immediate parent’s font size.
For example, if you have a paragraph (
<p>) tag with a font size of 1.2em and you nest a
<span> tag inside it, the
<span> tag’s font size will be 1.2 times that of the
Here are some best practices to keep in mind when using em in Webflow:
- Start with a baseline: It is recommended to set a baseline font size for your project, usually on the
<html>tag. This will ensure that all elements inherit consistent font sizes.
- Avoid excessive nesting: While nesting elements can be powerful, it’s important to avoid excessive nesting as it can make your code harder to maintain and understand.
- Mix em with other units: Em is great for scaling text sizes, but for other design elements like margins or paddings, consider using other units like pixels or percentages for more precise control over spacing.
In Webflow, using em units for font sizes allows you to create flexible and responsive designs. By understanding how em works and following best practices, you can achieve consistent and visually appealing typography across your web projects.
- Em is a relative unit that refers to the font size of the parent element.
- In Webflow, you can set font sizes using em in the typography settings panel.
- Nesting elements with em units for font sizes can create powerful and scalable designs.
- Remember to set a baseline font size and avoid excessive nesting.
- Consider using other units for non-text elements like margins and paddings.
With this knowledge, you’re now ready to leverage em units in Webflow to create beautiful and responsive web designs!