Joining objects in AutoCAD is a fundamental skill that every CAD user should master. Whether you want to combine multiple lines into a polyline or merge two 3D objects into one, knowing how to join objects can save you time and effort. In this tutorial, we will explore different methods to join objects in AutoCAD and discuss their applications.
Joining Lines and Polylines
When working with 2D drawings, joining lines and polylines is a common task. It allows you to create a single continuous object instead of separate segments. To join lines or polylines:
- Select the objects you want to join by using the PICKADD system variable or the Selection tool from the ribbon.
- Type J on the command line or click on the Join button from the ribbon’s Modify panel.
- Select one of the following methods:
- Polyline Join: This method joins selected lines or polylines into a single polyline. It automatically removes overlapping segments and creates a continuous path.
- Jog Line Join: This method joins selected lines but retains their individual identities. It creates jogs at the intersection points, allowing you to distinguish between them.
Note: The joined object’s properties will match those of the last selected object in terms of layer, color, linetype, etc.
Merging 3D Objects
In 3D modeling, joining objects can help create complex shapes by merging separate entities. AutoCAD provides various methods to merge 3D objects:
The Union command combines multiple solid or surface objects into a single object. It merges their volumes and creates a new entity. To use the Union command:
- Select the objects you want to join.
- Type UNION on the command line or click on the Union button from the ribbon’s Solid Editing panel.
- The selected objects will merge into a single entity, and you can modify its properties as required.
The Add Faces tool allows you to connect two separate faces of a 3D solid object. This method is useful when you want to extend an existing object by adding new faces or surfaces:
- Select the two adjacent faces that you want to join.
- Type FACETRANSMIT on the command line or click on the Add Faces button from the ribbon’s Solid Editing panel.
- The selected faces will merge, creating a seamless transition between them.
Note: The Add Faces tool is limited to joining adjacent faces only. To create complex shapes, use other methods like Union or Boolean operations.
Joining objects in AutoCAD is an essential skill that allows you to create clean, continuous entities from separate elements. Whether it’s joining lines and polylines for 2D drawings or merging 3D solids for complex models, knowing how to join objects can significantly improve your efficiency as a CAD user. Experiment with different methods and explore their applications to enhance your AutoCAD skills.
Remember to save your work periodically to avoid any accidental loss of data. Happy joining!